• The broadside advocates
fear in the Nativists of an immigrant supremacy and conquest over current
citizens. The publication promotes comparison to foreign spies and the tale of
the Trojan horse. Slogans in the picture depict that immigrants wish to come
here and refuse to be ruled by the current government. It aims to restrict
their right to religion as much of the United States was Protestant during this
time and many immigrants were Roman Catholic.
Nativists feared the new Roman Catholic immigrants would corrupt their youth who
were Protestant. They opposed Irish Roman Catholics due to their strong loyalty
to the Pope and their supposed rejection of Republicanism.
• The Nativists argued
many complaints against the poorer, less educated, and less skilled immigrants.
They did not want to be burdened with higher taxes to support influx of the
poor (pauper) population. They feared many criminals were among those coming
from other countries and also the strong beliefs they brought with them would
corrupt the Nativists youth. Foreign affairs issues arose due to the
limitations set upon new immigrants to the United States. The labor force was
tainted with extremely cheap workers, immigrants willing to work for wages less
than the norm. The Nativists feared their freedom of speech would be lessened as
2. Many immigrants settled along the East coast of the United
States where they came to port. The Homestead Act was appeasing to these
immigrants due to their agricultural backgrounds from their home countries.
This also allowed them to own land which would normally not be available to
them as it was sold at inflated prices well out of their monetary means. Most
of these new land owners were poor and seeking the American Dream, this gave
them a fighting chance at achieving that. The United States government encouraged
immigrants to settle on publicly owned land and in order to retain their land
they must improve it by building a structure to live in, and also cultivate the
land for five years. The west was then populated with immigrants in hopes of
contributing to the success of the American agricultural system. There was one
last incentive to the Homestead Act which was these settlers could participate simply
by declaring their intent to become a United States citizen.
3. The potato played an enormous part in the lives of Irish
citizens. It was a staple crop due to its hardiness, nutrients, and being full
of calories, to some this was the primary food in their diet. When a mist borne
fungus destroyed a majority of this precious crop, Irish citizens were forced
with a hard decision, remain in their home country and pray they find food or
migrate to another country. Some stayed and only added to the nearly one
million death toll, and many immigrated to countries like the United States,
Australia, and Great Britain. Once the famine had ceased and crops began to
grow, a third of the nation had either starved to death or fled the country.
For those who did leave, it gave them a strong belief that if they could
survive a famine they could thrive in other parts of the world. The potato famine
was a strong push factor for the Irish as it gave them an ultimatum, remain and
die or leave in search of a new land to call home.